中考功能句一网打尽:请求允许

提出请求

如果您想出一个主意并希望做到这一点,通常必须征得其同意!无论是与家人在一起,在学校还是在工作中,您都经常会要求得到您想要的东西,因为其他人无法猜测您想要什么。
If you come up with an idea and hope to do it, you usually have to ask permission for it! Whether it is with your family or at school or work, you will often have to ask to get what you want because other people cannot guess what you desire.

在这些情况下,您如何请求许可?下面是您可以要求做某事的几种方法以及使用它们的情况。
In these cases, how can you ask for permission? Below are several ways – and the situations in which to use them – that you can ask to do something.

1.您想礼貌地表明自己的想法

You have an idea of what you want to do and want to be polite

这三个词组的含义相同,但是在礼貌程度方面,每个词组的作用都略有不同。All three phrases have the same meaning, but each of them has a slightly different effect when it comes to how polite you are being.

May I (please)…?

这通常是非常有礼貌的,在您向有权对您进行授权的人提出要求时使用。为了更加礼貌,请在提出要求后再加上。
This is usually very polite and used when you are asking someone who has authority over you for something. To make it even more polite, add the please after asking it.

Examples
May I please use the restroom?
May I go to the park with my friends today, please?
May I look over this contract and discuss it with my family members before signing it and getting it back to you?

Can I… (please)?

询问您是否可以做某事比使用可能或可能做的更为直接。在非常正式的情况下,最好还是采用其他方式提问,但在许多情况下是可以接受的。如果您想成为礼貌的人,最好在句子中加上“please”,尤其是当您与对您有权威的人交谈时。
Asking can you do something is more direct than using may or could. In the case of a very formal situation, it may be better to stick with the other ways of asking the question, but it is acceptable in many situations. If you want to be politer, it is best to add please into the sentence, especially when you are talking to someone who has authority over you.

Examples
Can I use your pen, please?
Can I spend my weekend in Portland before traveling to Seattle?
Can I please see the detailed plans for your kitchen remodeling?

Could I… (please)?

用could问是比我可以问的温和的方法,它的用法与can的方法相同。
Asking something with could is a gentler way to ask than can I. It is used the same way as can.

Examples
Could I borrow some money to pay for the dance class and pay you back next week?
Could I please watch the next episode of this show before we start cleaning the house?
Could I get another glass of water, please?

2. 您知道自己可以做的事情,并且非常重视对方的意见

You know something that you could do and you really value the other person’s opinion

对于这些短语,您正在提出您想做的事情或可以做的事情,并试图查看您询问的人是否同意您的建议。通过这些方式寻求许可表明您重视对方的意见。
For these phrases, you are suggesting something that you want to do, or something that you could do, and trying to see whether the person you ask is approving of your suggestion or not. Asking for permission in these ways shows that you value the other person’s opinion.

即使您已经知道该怎么做,您仍然希望他们考虑-提供他们的意见-您将以此为依据。与学校的老师或工作中的老板交谈时,这些都是很棒的短语。他们表明,您并没有要求他们提出适合您的想法,仅是为了以一种适用于所有人的方式帮助您指导思想。
Even though you already have an idea of what to do, you still want them to weigh in – to provide their opinion – on which you will base your decision. These are great phrases to use if speaking to a teacher at school or a boss at work. They show that you are not asking them to come up with the ideas for you, just to help guide your ideas in a way that works for everyone.

Would I be able to…?

询问您是否能够做某事,可以让您询问的人回答是或否。这个问题尊重他们的时间和专业知识,您不必花费比他们愿意付出的更多时间。如果您时间短或在忙碌的某个时间遇到了该人,这是一种寻求许可的好方法。
Asking if you are able to do something allows the person you ask to answer either yes or no. This question respects their time and expertise, and you do not have to take up more time than they are willing to give. This is a great way to ask for permission if you are short on time or have caught the person at a busy time. [rml_read_more]

提出这样的问题是一个引人入胜的重要问题,除了要添加您为什么要以某种方式思考之外,还可以帮助您询问的人更好地理解您为什么提出建议。它还可以让他们给您一种选择,并解释他们为什么以另一种方式思考。
Asking this way is a great lead up question to adding in a reason why you think a certain way, which can help the person you ask better understand why you suggest what you suggest. It also allows them to give you an alternative and explain why they think another way, instead.

Examples
Would I be able to switch the color palates for the two projects? I think they fit together better that way.
Would I be able to turn this essay in on Monday next week? I will be out of town on Tuesday when the paper is due.
Would I be able to ask you to give me a hand with lifting this cabinet? It is a little heavy.

Do you mind if I…?

当前一个问题询问人的意见时,此问题询问您是否会为您做某事而烦恼。以这种方式请求许可的目的是表明您不想成为此人的负担。您可以询问某人是否介意在学校或工作中做某事,并且在问一个陌生人是否可以大声播放音乐,在他们的桌子旁坐空等时,也经常使用此问题。
While the previous question asks for the opinion of the person, this question asks whether they will be bothered in you do something. The purpose of asking for permission this way is to show that you do not want to become a burden for this person. You can ask if someone minds that you do something at school or at work, and this question is also commonly used when asking a stranger if you can play your music out loud, take an empty seat at their table, etc.

当您问是否有人介意做某事时,您会表现出更多的决心去做。您不是在征求他们的许可,而我会这样做;相反,您通常已经下定决心,只是想确保您不会打扰对方。When you ask if someone minds that you do something, you show a little more determination to do it. you are not asking for their permission the way Would I be able to do; instead, you generally have made up your mind and just want to make sure you will not bother the other person.

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  • 拒绝请求

    How to Politely Refuse a Favor/Deny Permission
    说“不”从来都不是一件有趣的事,但有时是必要的。有关某些示例,请参见下面的对话。
    Saying ‘no’, is never fun, but sometimes it’s necessary. See the conversations below for some examples.

    1. I’m afraid I’d prefer if you didn’t / don’t.
    2. Sorry, but I’d rather you not do that.
    3. Unfortunately, I need to say no.
    4. I’m afraid that’s not possible.

    当拒绝许可时,人们有时会改为以其他方式提供帮助,使用“how about”和“instead”一词来提供替代方案。
    When denying permission, people will sometimes instead offer to help in other ways, using the words “how about” and “instead” to offer alternatives.

    1. I’m afraid I can’t let you borrow my car, but I could drive you instead.
    2. I can’t babysit your daughter. How about I call my sitter for you instead?
    3. I wish I could help out; maybe another time.

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