初级英语语法:时态(三) 一般将来时

2017-7-20 Dr.eam 教程

意义:

一般将来时态表示在未来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态。

谓语动词形式:

1. be动词: will be(不作变化)或 be going to be(going前的be需要根据主语选用am, is, are中的一个,方法同一般现在时,to be 中的be就是原形,不作变化)

2. 其它动词: 在动词原形前面加will 或be going to(be需要根据主语选用am, is, are中的一个,方法同一般现在时)

理解一般将来时

1. 我们可以发现,一般将来时的谓语动词主要是两种情况,一种是will+动词原形,另一种是be going to +动词原形。

   先看一下will的释义:

    

will
英 [wɪl]  美 [wɪl] 
n.愿意; 意志(力); [法]遗嘱;
vt.决心要; 将(财产等)遗赠某人; 用意志力驱使(某事发生);
vi.愿意, 希望, 想要;
aux.将,将会; 会,要;
变形
复数: wills 过去式: willed 过去分词: willed 现在分词: willing 第三人称单数: wills
根据一句话一个谓语动词的原则,一般将来时中的will应理解作助动词,表示“将要,会”等意义;
再看be going to: be going 的含义是“将要(出发,行动等),to+动词原形这一不定式结构在此可以表示补充。 合在一起就是“将要做某事”。

2. will和 be going to的意义

将来因为非现实,所以应该从以下三个方面来理解:预测,计划和意愿。

a. 表预测时,will 和be going to没有实质区别;

It will be sunny tomorrow.

It is going to sunny tomorrow.

b. 表计划打算时,表达作过准备,一般只用be going to。

I have bought a new book and I'm going to finishi reading it in 2 weeks.  我买了本新书,准备两个星期内看完。

“买书”为“阅读”作了准备,因此“读完”是一个事先定好的计划。

c. 表示意愿,表达未经计划的意愿时,一般只用will。

- The phone is ringing. 电话响了。

- I'll answer it. 我去接。

“接”这个动作是临时作出的选择,未经事先准备,因此只用will表示意愿。

再来看下面这个例子:

A: There isn't any millk in the fridge. 冰箱里没有牛奶了。

B: I'll buy some after work. 下班后我去买。(未经准备的临时决定)

   And I'm going to buy some bread.  我打算去买些面包。(知道面包没有了,已经有准备并计划去买面包。)

 

沪江英语 > 能力提升 > 英语语法
时态语法练习:英语一般时态习题及答案
作者:kathy|来源:互联网|2016年10月21日 21:48
不花一分钱,也能炼成多语种达人!


1.They____(be) on the farm a moment ago.
2.There____(be)a shop not long ago.
3.Jenny____(not go)to bed until 11:00 o'clock last night.
4.Danny _____(read )English five minutes ago.
5.I _____(see)Li Lei ____(go) out just now.
6.He ____(do)his homework every day. But he __(not do)it yesterday.
7.When I was young, I _____(play)games with my friends.
8.When ____you_____(write)this book?
 I _____it last year.
9.Did he____(have) lunch at home?
10.I _____(eat) the bread, I 'm full now.
答案:1 were 2 was 3 didn't go 4 read 5 saw go 6 does ; didn't do 7 played 8 did write ; wrote 9 have 10 have eaten
1. There ____________ a telephone call for you just now. (be)
2. There __________ not enough people to pick apples that day. ( be)
3. There _____________( be not) any hospitals in my hometown (家乡) in 1940.
4. There ____________ enough milk at home last week, wasn’t there?
5. Eli ____________ to Japan last week. ( move)
6.–When _______ you _________ (come) to china? Last year.
7. Did she ________ (have) supper at home?
8. Jack ____________ (not clean) the room just now.
9. _________ (be) it cold in your city yesterday?
10 How many people ________ (be) there in your class last term?
11. It ________ (be) hot yesterday and most children _______ (be) outside.
12.There ________ (be) a football match on TV yesterday evening, but I _________ (have) no time to watch it.
参考答案:
1.was
2.were
3.were,not
4.was
5.moved
6.did,come
7.have
8.didn't,clean
9.Was
10.were
11.was ,were
12.was,had
一、用to be的适当形式填空
1. What( )in the zoo three years ago ? There( )some monkeys.
2. How( )he this morning? He( ) sick. But now he( )fine.
3. Who( )your first teacher? Miss Fang( ) .
4. I ( )a doctor last year. I( ) a teacher now.
5. I lost my pet. It( )on the sofa at 9:00. It( )at the table at 10:00. Oh, I see it. It( )under the table.
参考答案:1.were were 2.was was to is 3.is is 4.was am 5.was was is
2016-06-03

 

 

 

标签: 爱梦教育 英语 语法 时态 一般将来时

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