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初中英语常见交际用语正误辨析

Dr.eam 教程 2019-02-07 263 0


  1.[误]—What can I do for you?

  - Yes, please help me.

  [正]— What can I do for you?

  - I'd like to buy a sweater.

  [析] What can I do for you? 这一问句实际上用于的情景很多,要根据具体情况而定。如在商店中售货员讲这句话应译为:您想要点什么?在其他场合也可以被译为:我能为您做些什么?它的答语应是直接讲出想让对方提供的帮助。

  2.[误] Do you like to come with us tonight?

  [正] Would you like to come with us tonight?

  [析] Do you like … 问的是对方的习惯,如: Do you like swimming? Do you like collecting stamps? 而 would you like … 则是一次性的邀请、提议。

  3. [误]—Sorry, I've kept you waiting.

  —Not at all.(根本没有。)

  [正] Sorry, I've kept you waiting.

  —Never mind.(别介意。)

  4.[误]—What's that man?

  —He is Mike.

  [正]—What's that man?

  —He is a teacher.

  [正]—Who's that man?

  —He is Mike.(He is Mike's father.)

  [析] 由 what 提问是问的职业,由 who 提问问的是姓名或身份。

  5. [误]— How much are they?

  — Half a kilo, please.

  [正]— How many bananas do you want?

  - Half a kilo,Please.

  [析] How much are they? 问的是价格而不是实际物品的多少。

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