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河南中考必备短语

 

()come短语

1. come across(偶然)遇见(或发现)                   2. come along(意外地)出现;发生;来到

3. come back回来;想起来                            4. come down下来;落下

5. come from来自                                           6. come into进入

7. come in进来                                               8. come on快点;加油

9. come out出版;发表                                   10. come over顺便来访

11. come true(希望,梦想等)实现                    12. come to oneself苏醒;恢复知觉

13. come up with 提出;想出(主意、回答等)

()give短语

1. give away赠送;分发                                 2. give back还给;归还;恢复(健康等)

3. give in投降                                                 4. give out分发;发放

5. give up放弃                                                6. give birth to(孩子);产生

7. give sb. a lift捎某人一程                             8. give sb. a hand 给予某人帮助

()look短语

1. look after照顾;照看                                  2. look at看;朝……

3. look for寻找;寻求                                     4. look like看起来好像

5. look into 向里面看;调查                           6. look out当心

7. look over(仔细)检查                                    8. look through浏览

9. look up(在词典、参考书等中)查阅;查找    10. look up to 钦佩;仰慕;尊敬

11. look down upon瞧不起                              12. look forward to盼望;期待

13. look out of...……外面看                         14. have a look看一看

()make短语

1. make faces/make a face做鬼脸;做苦脸       2. make money挣钱;赚钱

3. make phone calls打电话                              4. make progress取得进步

5. make sure确保;证实                                 6. make a decision做决定

7. make a difference有影响;起作用                8. make a film拍电影

9. make a fire生火                                           10. make a mess弄得一团糟(一塌糊涂)

11. make a mistake出差错;犯错误                 12. make a noise吵闹

13. make an effort作出努力                             14. make the bed整理床铺

15. make friends with...……交朋友               16. make fun of...……开玩笑

17. make room for...……腾出地方                 18. make one's way前往;成功

19. make one's own decision某人自己做决定

20. make up one's mind某人下决心

21. make a contribution/contributions to……作贡献

22. make sb. feel at home使某人感到宾至如归

()put短语

1. put away……收起来;储存……备用       2. put down写下;放下

3. put off推迟;拖延                                      4. put on穿上;上演;增加

5. put out扑灭;熄灭()                                6. put up张贴;搭建

7. put sth. to good use好好利用某物

()take短语

1. take after(在外貌、性格等方面)(父母等)相像

2. take away拿走;带走                                  3. take care当心;小心

4. take down取下;拆卸;记录                       5. take in吸入;吞入(体内)

6. take off起飞;脱下(衣服等)                        7. take on呈现;雇佣

8. take out 取出                                              9. take place发生

10. take up 占据(时间、空间);开始从事;拿起 

11. take breaks(take a break)休息

12. take exercise做运动                                   13. take notes做笔记

14. take photos(take a photo)照相                      15. take risks(take a risk)冒险

16. take turns轮流                                           17. take...seriously认真对待……

18. take part (in)..参加……;参与……          19. take care of照看;照顾

20. take pride in...……感到自豪                    21. take a message捎个口信;传话

22. take a shower淋浴;洗澡                           23. take a trip去旅行

24. take a vacation去度假                                25. take a walk散步

26. take the subway乘地铁                              27. take one's order点菜

28. take one's temperature量体温                      29. take one's time不急;慢慢来

30. take one's place代替某人;替换某人          31. take an interest in...……感兴趣

32. take an active part in积极参加                    33. take out the rubbish倒垃圾

34. take it easy从容;轻松;不紧张

()about短语

1. care about关心;在意                                 2. talk about谈论;讨论;议论

3. think about考虑                                          4. throw about乱丢;抛撒

5. worry about担心                                         6. be sure about...确信;对……有把握

7. be excited about...……感到兴奋

()after短语

1. after all毕竟;终归                                     2. after class课后

3. after school放学后                                      4. after a while过了一会儿

()as短语

1.  as for至于;关于                                     2.  as if 好像

3.  as usual 像往常一样;平常地                   4.  as well也;还有

5.  such as例如                                             6.  as...as……(一样)

7.  not so...as不像……;不如……                 8.  regard...as……看作

9.  as a result结果                                          10.  as long as只要;既然

11.  as soon as…………                         

12.  the same as...……相同;与……一致

13.  as far as I know据我所知                         14.  as soon as possible尽快

()at短语

1.  at a time一次                                            2.  at birth出生时

3.  at first首先                                               4.  at last最后;终于

5.  at least至少;最少                                   6.  at times有时;偶尔

7.  at home在家                                            8.  at midnight在半夜

9.  at night在晚上;在夜里                            10.  at one time曾经;一度

11.  at present 目前;现在                             12.  at sea在海上

13.  at work 在工作                                       14.  aim at瞄准;针对;致力于;旨在

15.  knock at                                             16.  laugh at嘲笑;取笑

17.  point at 指着;指向                                18.  shout at...……大声叫嚷

19.  arrive at到达(小地点)                             20.  be good at...擅长于……

21.  at the table在桌子旁                                22.  at the age of...……岁时

23.  at the back of...……后面                       24.  at the beginning of...……开始

25.  at the end of...……结尾                        26.  at the foot of...……脚下

27.  at the head of...……首位                       28.  at the moment此时;现在

29.  at the same time 同时                              30. at once 立即;马上

31.  be amazed/surprised at...……感到惊讶

(十一)away短语

1.  far away在远处              2.  get away逃离

3.  run away逃跑;跑掉                                4.  throw away扔掉

5.  right away立刻;马上                             

6.  keep...away from避免接近……;远离……

(十二)back短语

1.  bring back恢复;使想起来;归还             2.  get back回来;恢复

3.  go back回去                                             4.  pay back偿还(借款等)

5.  talk back回嘴;顶嘴                                6.  call(sb.)back(给某人)回电话

7.  get...back退还……;把……送回去

(十三)by短语

 1. by air(bus/train/ship)乘飞机(公共汽车,火车,轮船)

 2. by bike骑自行车                          3. by accident偶然地;意外地

 4. by hand 手工;亲手交付                          5. by mistake错误地

 6. drop by顺便(或偶然)来访                          7. go by(时间)过去;消逝

8.  pass by路过;经过                                   9.  by the end of...……结束时

10.  by the time……的时候;到……之前  11.  by the way 顺便一提;附带说说

(十四)down短语

1.  break down停止运转;出故障                  2.  cut down砍倒;削减

3.  die down逐渐变弱;逐渐消失                  4.  fall down落下;摔倒

5.  get down下来;落下                                6.  lie down躺下

7.  shut down关上;停业                               8.  sit down坐下

9.  turn down调低;关小;拒绝                    10.  write down写下;记下

11.  keep...down控制……;抑制……            12.  let...down使……失望/沮丧

13.  pull...down拆下……;摧毁……              14.  upside down上下颠倒;倒转

15.  up and down上下;来回

(十五)for短语

1.  ask for要求;请求                                   2.  care for关心;关怀;照顾

3.  leave for离开(去另一个地方)                    4.  pay for...……付款;付……的钱

5.  prepare for...……做准备                         6.  thanks for... ……而感谢

7.  wait for等候;等待                                  8.  be bad for……有害

9.  be known for……闻名                          10.  be late for迟到

11.  be/get ready for……做好准备              12.  be thirsty for渴望;渴求

13.  be used for...被用来……                          14.  for example/for instance例如

15. for sure无疑;肯定                                   16.  go for a walk去散步

(十六)from短语

1. across from……对面                               2. far from远离

3. hear from...收到……的来信                         4. prevent...from妨碍,防止,预防

5. from...to...…………                              6. learn...from...……学习……

7. separate...from...…………分开               8. be different from...……不同

9. from now on从今以后,今后                       10. from then on从那时起

11. from time to time不时,偶尔                      12. stay away from……保持距离

(十七)in短语

1.  believe in 信任;信赖                    2.  check in报到;登记

3.  hand in交上;提交;呈送                        4.  join in参加;加入

5.  let...in……进来;放进                          6.  major in主修

7.  in all总之;合计                                      8.  in common共有();共用()

9.  in danger处在危险状态                             10.  in English用英语

11.  in fact实际上;其实;确切地说              12.  in front在前方

13.  in general通常大体上一般而言        14.  in one's life在某人一生中

15.  in order按顺序;整齐;井然有序            16.  in person亲身;亲自

17.  in public 当众;公开                              18.  in silence 沉默地;无声地

19.  in space在太空                                       20.  in style时髦的;流行的

21.  in surprise惊奇地                                    22.  in time及时

23.  in total总共;合计                                 

24.  in trouble/need/danger处于困境/需要/危险中

25.  in(the)front of...……前面                      26.  in good health身体健康

27.  in order to 为了                                      28.  in that case既然那样;假如那样的话

29.  in the countryside在乡下;在农村           30.  in the end最后;终于

31.  in the future未来;将来                          32.  in the distance在远处

33.  in the day在白天                                     34.  in the way挡道的;妨碍人的

35.  in the air在空中;在传播中                    36.  in this way用这种方法

37.  in a hurry匆忙地;很快地                      

38.  in a row成一排;成一列;成一行;连续

39.  in a word总而言之                                  40.  in one's opinion在某人看来

41.  be made in...……生产/制造                  42.  be interested in...……感兴趣

43.  do well in... ……方面做得好               44.  all in all总的说来

45.  have...in common有相同特征;(想法、兴趣等方面)相同

46.  in the face of面对(问题、困难等)            47.  in the middle of...……中间

48.  in the open air在户外;在野外                49.  once in a while偶尔地;间或

50. in agreement一致

(十八)into短语

1.  change...into...……转换成……;把……变成……

2.  fall into落入;陷入                                  3.  get into陷入;卷入

4. knock into...……相撞                               5.  walk into 走进;不慎陷入

6.  divide...into...……分成……                    7.  turn...into...……变成……

(十九)of短语

1.  ahead of...……前面                               2.  because of因为;由于

3.  be full of...充满……                               4.  hear of听说

5.  hundreds of成百上千的                            6. thousands of成千上万的

7.  millions of成百上千万的;数以百万计的   8.  plenty of 很多的;足够的

9.  instead of代替;而不是                            10.  kind of稍微;有点儿

11.  think of思考;考虑                                 12.  a bit of少量;一点

13.  a bottle/cup(glass) of一瓶/                  14.  a couple of两个;一对;几个

15.  a kind of一种;一类                               16.  a lot of/lots of大量;许多

17.  a (large) number of许多                           18.  a pair of一双

19.  a piece of一片;一张;一块                   20.  a set of一套;一副;一组

21.  all kinds of各种各样的                            22.  be made of...……制成

23.  be proud of……而自豪                        24.  first of all 首先

25.  get out of离开;从……出来                   26.  run out (of) 用尽;耗尽

27.  speak highly of称赞;高度评价               28.  one (large) bowl of()

29.  quite a lot  (of...)许多                             30.  all of a sudden突然地;猛地

31. be in control of掌管;管理                         32.  get in the way of...……的路;妨碍

(二十)off短语

1.  be off离开;走开;取消                          2.  break off突然中止;中断

3.  cut off切除                                             

4.  day off(因病或节假日)休息;不工作;不上学

5.  drop off减少;下降                                  6.  fall off(……)掉下

7.  get off脱下(衣服等);下车                       8.  go off(闹钟)发出响声

9.  keep off勿踏,勿踩                                  10.  knock off停止做(某事)

11.  pay off偿清(欠款等)                               12. ring off挂断电话;停止讲话

13.  run off跑掉;迅速离开                           14.  see off送行

15.  set off动身,启程;使爆发                     16.  shut off关闭;停止运转

17.  tell off责备;分派                                  18.  turn off关掉

19.  clean...off……擦掉;把……打扫干净   20.  kick sb. off开除某人

(二十一)on短语

1.  on board 在船上                                       2.  on display展览;陈列

3. on duty值日; 值班                                   4.  on foot走路; 步行

5.  on sale(廉价)出售                                     6.  on show展出;在上演(放映)

7.  on time准时                                             8.  on vacation在度假;在假期中

9.  on watch值班;守望;监视                      10.  carry on坚持下去

11.  concentrate on全神贯注;专心于             12.  depend on/upon依靠,依赖;取决于

13.  get on上车;相处;进展                        14.  hold on等一等(别挂电话)

15.  keep on继续(进行)                                  16.  later on后来,稍后

17.  live on...……为主食;靠……为生       18.  pass on传递

19.  one one's own独自地                              20.  try on试穿

21.  turn on打开                                            22.  work on从事;忙于

23.  on top of...……上面;除……之外        24.  on the earth在地球上

25.  on the phone用电话交谈;在通话           26.  on the right在右边

27.  on the weekend on weekends()周末

28.  on one's way to...在某人去……的途中

29.  go on doing sth.继续干某事;不停地干某事

30.  play a joke on sb.戏弄某人;对某人使恶作剧

31.  get on well with...……和睦相处;与……关系良好

32. on (the) one hand...on the other hand...一方面……另一方面……

33. on purpose有目的地;故意地

(二十二)out短语

1. blow out吹灭             

2. break out(战争、火灾等)突然发生;爆发

3. bring out使显现;使表现出                         4. check out查明;结账离开

5. clean out清除;把……打扫干净                  6. clear out清理;丢掉

7. cut out删除;删去                                      8. eat out出去吃饭

9. find out查明;发现;了解                           10.get out出去;离开

11. go out出去;熄灭                                     12.hand out分发;发放

13hang out(俚语)闲逛                                  14. keep out不让……进入

15. lay out摆开;布置                                    16.leave out不包括;不提及;忽略

17. point out指出                                            18. rush out冲出去

19. sell out卖完;售光                                    20. set out出发;启程

21. stand out站出来;突出;坚持到底            22. try out参加……选拔;试用

23. wear...out……穿旧;磨坏                      24. work out算出;锻炼;成功地发展

25. help (sb.) out帮助(某人)解决困难               26. out of style不时髦的;过时的

(二十三)over短语

1.  all over到处;遍及各处                            2.  fall over绊倒

3.  get over克服;恢复;原谅                       4.  go over仔细检查;复习

5.  over and over again反复,多次重复

(二十四)to短语

1.  according to根据;按照;据……所说;视……而定

2.  belong to属于                                           3. close to几乎;接近

4. get to到达                                                  5.  have to 不得不;必须

6.  lead to导致;通向                                    7.  listen to

8.  next to紧靠……的旁边;贴近;接近        9.  point to指向

10.  shout to……大声喊叫                         11.  stick to坚持;固守

12.  talk to...……                                    13.  thanks to幸亏;由于

14.  up to高达(某数量、程度等);至多有;不多于 

15.  add...to...……加到……

16.  lend...to...…………                           17.  prefer...to...比起……更喜欢……

18.  to be honest(作插入语)老实说;说实在的

19.  to one's surprise令某人感到惊讶的是

20.  to start with首先                                     21.  be up to……的职责;由……决定

22.  be similar to……相像的,类似的        23.  help oneself to请随便享用

24.  hold on to 继续;坚持;保持                  25.  pay attention to注意;留心

26.  say goodbye to告别;告辞                      27.  bring good luck to...……带来好运

28. used to过去常常

29.  be/get used to sth./doing sth.习惯于某事()/做某事

(二十五)up短语

1. bring up教育;培养;提出                         2. cheer up使振奋;使高兴起来

3. clean up(……)打扫干净;(……)收拾整齐

4. cut up切碎                                                  5. dress up穿上盛装;装扮

6. fix up修理;修补                                       7. get up 起床

8. grow up成长;长大                                    9. hang up挂断电话

10. hurry up赶快;快点                                 

11. make up编造;拼凑成;形成;组成;构成

12. mix up混合在一起                                    13. open up打开

14. pick up捡起                                              15. send up发射;把……送上去

16. eat up吃光;耗尽                                      17. ring up打电话

18. set up建立;创立;开办                           19. show up出席;露面

20. stay up不睡觉;熬夜                                21. think up想出

22. turn up开大(声音);出现                           23. use up用完;用光;耗尽

24. wake up叫醒;醒来                                  25. hands up举起手来

26. end up with...……结束;以……告终

(二十六)with短语

1. agree with赞同;持相同意见                       2. begin with……开始

3. connect...with...…………相连

4. compare...with...…………比较;与……对比

5. deal with处理;应付                                   6. quarrel with (sb.)(和某人)争吵

7. provide...with...……提供……                    8. catch up with赶上

9. get along(on) with ……相处                     10. go on with继续

11. be pleased with……感到满意

12. be angry with...……的气;对……感到气愤

13. be good with...善于应付……的;对……有办法

14. be strict with...……严格要求

15. be filled with...充满……

16. fall in love with爱上(某人或某物)

17. be fed up with……感到厌烦

18. keep in touch with...……保持联系

19. have(something) to do with...……有关

20. have nothing to do with……无关

(二十七)be短语

1. be awake醒着的                                          2. be born出生

3. be/get lost迷失(道路)                                 

4. be able to do sth.有能力做某事;会做某事

5. be friendly/kind to……友好                      6. be willing to乐意(做某事)

7. be afraid/terrified of/to害怕;不敢()        8. be fond of喜欢;爱好

9. be sick of厌倦

10. be ready to do sth.准备好做某事;乐意做某事

11. be sorry for……感到抱歉/难过              12. be famous/known for……而闻名

13. be famous/known as作为……而出名           14. be busy with忙于

15. be strict about sth.对某事要求严格              16. be nervous about ……感到紧张

17. be busy doing 忙于做……

18. be made from……做成(成品中看不出原材料)

19. (be) of medium build/height中等身材/身高

20. be popular with……欢迎

21. be for/against 支持/反对

(二十八)其他常见短语

1. above all首先;首要                                   2. fall asleep入睡

3. fall behind落后                                           4. get together相聚

5. lose heart灰心                                             6. so far到目前为止

7. again and again再三地;一再地;反复地     8. here and there到处;处处

9. more or less多少有点,或多或少                 10. sooner or later迟早

11. teach oneself自学                                      12. all by oneself独立;单独

13. enjoy oneself have a good timehave fun过得愉快;玩得开心

14. all the same仍然,还是                             15. all the year around一年到头

16. do/try one's best尽某人最大的努力             17. save one's life挽救某人的生命

18. set one's mind to do一心想做……

19. have a cold/cough/headache()感冒/咳嗽/头痛

20. have a seat就座;坐下                               21. have a try试试看;尝试一下

22. leave...behind……遗留下(留下)              23. out of breath上气不接下气

24. out of sight消失,看不见                           25. places of interest名胜古迹

26. show sb. around带某人到处参观                27. show sb. the way给某人指路

 

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